Some elements of the anecdotes were later added to Russian stories about Ivan the Terrible of Russia. Im werden diverse Verbrechen zur Last gelegt: unter anderem Ketzerei und Glaubensabtrünnigkeit. Ganze Strassenzüge sind markiert mit gepfählten Leichen. Es ist jedoch ein Märchen, dass er ein Vampir gewesen ist und zu seiner Lebenszeit als solcher tituliert wurde. Die Maßnahmen wirkten nicht nur bei Feinden, auch in denen von ihm regierten Landstrichen gab es kaum Kriminalität und Verbrechen. , Matthias Corvinus ordered the Transylvanian Saxons to support Báthory's planned invasion of Wallachia on 6 September 1476, also informing them that Stephen of Moldavia would also invade Wallachia.
 He invaded Wallachia with Hungarian support either in April, July or August 1456.
 In other villages of the region, the donation is attributed to the legendary Radu Negru.  In the same letter, he stated that "when a man or a prince is strong and powerful he can make peace as he wants to; but when he is weak, a stronger one will come and do what he wants to him", showing his authoritarian personality.  Vlad sent his first extant letter as voivode of Wallachia to the burghers of Brașov on 10 September. Wer auch immer ihm widersprach, dem drohte wie auch allen Kriegsgefangenen der Pfahl.  Modern historians identify Vlad's mother either as a daughter or a kinswoman of Alexander I of Moldavia, or as his father's unknown first wife.  Vlad withdrew to the Carpathian Mountains, hoping that Matthias Corvinus would help him regain his throne. Der Sultan will sich so die Vorherrschaft zum osmanischen Reich sichern und keine weitere Niederlage gegen Ungarn hinnehmen zu müssen. Damit wollte sich Murad die Treue von Vlads Vater, dem Fürsten Vlad II, zum osmanischen Reich sichern, da die Türken 1437, beim Versuch Ungarn zu unterwerfen, von dem Magyaren Johann Hunyadi geschlagen worden waren und 1410 die Throne Ungarns und Polens, in der Person König Wladislaws I von Ungarn und König Wladislaw IV von Polen, vereinigt wurden. , Upon the death of his father and elder brother, Vlad became a potential claimant to Wallachia. Dieser Beiname wurde bisweilen auch als „Soh… Sein größter Genuss war die Mahlzeit unter den Gepfählten. Dracul im Drachenorden Kaiser Sigismundsab.  The town had been deserted, but the Ottomans were horrified to discover a "forest of the impaled" (thousands of stakes with the carcasses of executed people), according to Chalkokondyles..  Vlad found out the sultan's "deceit and trickery", captured Hamza and Katabolinos, and had them executed. Jeder, der sich über den Leichengeruch beschwerte, wurde am höchsten Pfahl aufgespießt: weil dort oben die Luft besser sei. , In May, Vlad asked the burghers of Brașov to send craftsmen to Wallachia, but his relationship with the Saxons deteriorated before the end of the year. Das sind ungarische Werbauern, die Jahrhunderte lang die Karpatengrenze gegen Einfälle aus der Walachei bewachten. Sein Vater, der ebenfalls den Namen Vlad trug, wird in den Drachenorden aufgenommen und erhält die Bezeichnung Vlad Dracul.  The poet Dimitrie Bolintineanu emphasized Vlad's triumphs in his Battles of the Romanians in the middle of the 19th century.  The poem, called Von ainem wutrich der heis Trakle waida von der Walachei ("Story of a Despot Called Dracula, Voievod of Wallachia"), was performed at the court of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor in Wiener Neustadt during the winter of 1463. There were infants too affixed to their mothers on the stakes, and birds had made their nests in their entrails.  He informed Matthias Corvinus about the military action in a letter on 11 February 1462.  The contemporaneous Jakob Unrest added that Vuk Grgurević and a member of the noble Jakšić family also participated in the struggle against the Ottomans in Moldavia. , Vlad allegedly wanted to settle in Brașov (which was a center of the Wallachian boyars expelled by Vladislaus II), but Hunyadi forbade the burghers to give shelter to him on 6 February 1452. , After a meeting with John Hunyadi, Voivode of Transylvania, Vlad II Dracul did not support an Ottoman invasion of Transylvania in March 1442.
1456 wird Sultan Murad II gestürzt.
 According to Tursun Beg, Vlad started new negotiations with Matthias Corvinus, but the sultan was soon informed by his spies.  Actually, Stoker's working papers for his book contain no references to the historical figure, the name of the character being named in all draughts but the later ones 'Count Wampyr'. Die Diplomatie des Rennaissance-Königs wollte Ruhe an der Grenze zum osmanischen Reich.  Stoker had his attention drawn to the blood-sucking vampires of Romanian folklore by Emily Gerard's article about Transylvanian superstitions (published in 1885). If he returns from the war we will meet him and we will make peace with him. , The stories about Vlad's plundering raids in Transylvania were clearly based on an eyewitness account, because they contain accurate details (including the lists of the churches destroyed by Vlad and the dates of the raids). , Stoker "apparently did not know much about" Vlad the Impaler, "certainly not enough for us to say that Vlad was the inspiration for" Count Dracula, according to Elizabeth Miller. Es kam zu einer Schlacht in der Nähe von Bukarest in deren Verlauf Vlad getötet wurde.
 Mehmed II acknowledged Basarab Laiotă as the lawful ruler of Wallachia.  Historian Radu Florescu writes that Vlad was born in the Transylvanian Saxon town of Sighișoara (then in the Kingdom of Hungary), where his father lived in a three-storey stone house from 1431 to 1435.
Ob nun Klassiker wie Dracula oder Nosferatu, Horror-Schocker wie From Dusk Till Dawn oder 30 Days of Night - Vampirfilme sind eines der beliebtesten Filmgenres.  The negotiations between Corvinus and Vlad lasted for weeks, but Corvinus did not want to wage war against the Ottoman Empire.  Stephen Báthory and Vlad entered Moldavia, forcing the sultan to lift the siege of the fortress at Târgu Neamț in late August, according to a letter of Matthias Corvinus. The sultan and the main Ottoman army left Wallachia, but more and more Wallachians deserted to Radu. Im Nachhinein wandelt sich sein Name von Draculea (Sohn des Drachen) in die Bedeutung Sohn des Teufels. Mit solchen Geschichten verdiente Vlad sich seinen Beinamen Tepes, „der Pfähler“, durchaus zu recht. Hunyadi installed Vlad's second cousin, Vladislav II, as the new voivode.  However, the excavations carried out by Dinu V. Rosetti in 1933 found no tomb below the supposed "unmarked tombstone" of Vlad in the monastery church.  The manuscripts were written in Russian, but they copied a text that had originally been recorded in a South Slavic language, because they contain expressions alien to the Russian language but used in South Slavic idioms (such as diavol for "evil"). Es folgten unruhige Wanderjahre, ehe Vlad 1456 mit Unterstützung der Ungarn und der Siebenbürger Sachsen den Thron eroberte. Viele Autoren nahmen sich seither den Erzählungen um Vlad Tepes an.  In modern Romanian, dracul means "the devil", which contributed to Vlad's reputation.  Although Vlad defeated Radu and his Ottoman allies in two battles during the following months, more and more Wallachians deserted to Radu. Vladislav died fighting against him. Dieser lässt ihn an einer Stege befestigen und zur Schau stellen. There are more than twenty manuscripts (written between the 15th and 18th centuries) which preserved the text of the Skazanie o Drakule voievode (The Tale about Voivode Dracula).  According to Leonardo Botta, the Milanese ambassador to Buda, the Ottomans cut Vlad's corpse into pieces. , Multiple sources (including Laonikos Chalkokondyles's chronicle) recorded that hundreds or thousands of people were executed at Vlad's order at the beginning of his reign.  According to their treaty, the burghers of Brașov agreed that they would expel Dan from their town. Er selbst war ein Zeclar. , Rădulescu-Codin recorded further local legends, some of which are also known from the German and Slavic stories about Vlad, suggesting that the latter stories preserved oral tradition. Vlad III, known as Vlad the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad Țepeș [ˈvlad ˈtsepeʃ]) or Vlad Dracula (/ˈdrækjələ/; Romanian: Vlad Drăculea [-ˈdrəkule̯a]; 1428/31 – 1476/77), was Voivode of Wallachia three times between 1448 and his death. Seine Schreckensherrschaft über die Walachei beginnt. The swollen temples increased the bulk of his head. Seinem toten Körper wird der Kopf abgeschlagen.  They provide a detailed narration of the conflicts between Vlad and the Transylvanian Saxons, showing that they originated "in the literary minds of the Saxons".
Dan III broke into Wallachia, but Vlad defeated and executed him before 22 April 1460. The rest of the Turks were dumbfounded when they saw the multitude of men on the stakes. During this period, anecdotes about his cruelty started to spread in Germany and Italy. Ein ungarntreuer Woiwode folgte.  According to one of Beheim's stories, Vlad had two monks impaled to assist them to go to heaven, also ordering the impalement of their donkey because it began braying after its masters' death. Sultan Murad II setzt beide in Smyrna fest um so die Ergebenheit ihres Vaters, Vlad II, zu erzwingen.  Vlad moved to Transylvania in June 1475. Hungarian and Moldavian troops helped him to force Basarab Laiotă (who had dethroned Vlad's brother, Radu) to flee from Wallachia in November. The Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed II, ordered Vlad to pay homage to him personally, but Vlad had the Sultan's two envoys captured and impaled.  They describe Vlad as a "demented psychopath, a sadist, a gruesome murderer, a masochist", worse than Caligula and Nero.  They were held imprisoned in the fortress of Eğrigöz (now Doğrugöz), according to contemporaneous Ottoman chronicles. 1444 werden die beiden Brüder aus der Kriegsgefangenschaft befreit, schweben jedoch nach einem Feldzug gegen Varna in Lebensgefahr.  Vlad also broke into Transylvania and plundered the villages around Brașov and Sibiu.  After John Hunyadi died on 11 August 1456, his elder son, Ladislaus Hunyadi became the captain-general of Hungary.  Not long after, he moved to Moldavia, where Bogdan II (his father's brother-in-law and possibly his maternal uncle) had mounted the throne with John Hunyadi's support in the autumn of 1449. Die Walachei war Spielball zwischen Türken und Ungarn; durch eine geschickte Schaukelpolitik konnte Vlad Dracul 12 Jahre lang, sich die Herrschaft und seinem Land die Unabhängigkeit bewahren. Folglich hieß sein Sohn Vlad Draculae, was in etwa Sohn des Dracul heißt.
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