Bottom Line: Difference Between N95 vs. KN95 Masks. KN95 masks are the standard in China, Japan, and Korea; Both N95 and KN95 masks are rated to capture and filter out 95% of air particles; Minor differences found in breathability requirements; Face Mask Comparison Chart. However, because not every Chinese manufacturer is checked and approved, the FDA has issued an emergency use authorization letter for the Chinese KN95 masks. However, none of these methods have been officially tested and approved. As per a comparison study performed by 3M – it is reasonable to consider China KN95, AS/NZ P2, Korea 1st Class, and Japan DS FFRs as “equivalent” to US NIOSH N95 and European FFP2 respirators, for filtering non-oil-based particles such as those resulting from wildfires, PM 2.5 air pollution, volcanic eruptions, or bioaerosols (e.g. Considering the life and death situation we face in the hospitals, we have to push our health care administrators to consider getting us these equally effective alternative options since N95s are not available. With so many kinds of masks to choose from on the market, it can get quite confusing and overwhelming in determining which one you should buy for daily use. There are even mentions of vaporized hydrogen peroxide and exposure to heat, as sanitizing methods. Sharing is caring. Contact Smart Air Newsweek AMPLIFY participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Increased heart rate, alongside increased stress levels and breathing difficulties. This article will seek to identify and describe some of the most commonly available respirator standards around the world as well as provide a summary of the current regulatory framework under the FDA in the United States with respect to the 2019 novel coronavirus and associated COVID-19 pandemic. After all, the end result matters in these circumstances, not how you achieve it. And that is 95% of particles bigger than 0.3 microns in size. Thomas is an Associate Professor of Behavior Science at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and the founder of Smart Air, a social enterprise to help people across the world breathe clean air without shelling out thousands of dollars for expensive purifiers. I was given a few masks that are stamped KN95, are small, white, rounded and fold in half, with elastics. Best Respirators for COVID-19. Just like the N95 masks, the KN95 masks are used to provide respiratory protection against airborne particles and aerosol transmission of viruses and bacteria. What sets the KN95 and N95 apart is how they are attached to your face. So please look online for a tutorial on how to test that you are wearing it properly. This is in turn putting my family and other sick patients I see at risk. A physician-owned and managed entrepreneurial platform directed specifically towards doctors in USA. KN95 is globally available and used. As a protective face covering to prevent transmission of the coronavirus, both masks are excellent and neither one presents a significant edge over the other. Isn’t using these alternative options better than using a “bandana” or a regular surgical mask or a handmade cloth mask? Also, N95 masks were used during avian influenza, SARS outbreak, Ebola outbreak, and pandemic influenza. “On March 24, 2020, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for importing non-NIOSH-approved N95 respirators… The FDA did not list KN95 respirators made per China’s standards in this EUA because of concerns about fraudulent products listed as KN95s.” from https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/personal-protective-equipment-infection-control/faqs-shortages-surgical-masks-and-gowns#kn95. Any such offer or solicitation will be made only by means of the Confidential Private Offering Memorandum relating to the particular investment. Moreover, we are still waiting for more studies about KN95 masks in cases of coronavirus and their efficiency against this type of virus. N95 and KN95 masks are currently the best masks on the market considering their efficiency against harmful particles like the COVID-19. Per FDA guidelines, the KN95 and N95 respirators should be placed in a plastic bag and put immediately in the trash. (15 February 2020). The N95 masks show that when exposed to oil particles cutting fluids, glycerine, and lubricants, the efficiency rate drops. If you own an independent practice, or if you have authority to pick your own PPE, you should strongly consider these equally effective alternate options (KN95 vs. N95) as opposed to other less effective options (bandana/surgical mask/cloth mask). That is why they’re generally used in Asia’s most polluted cities as effective protection. Lots of important but free content here and here! Taking Advantage of Tax in Real Estate | How Physician Investors Win Big! Lack of appropriate PPE is putting me at high risk for contracting the virus. Multiple face masks are being sold in the market today, made of different types of fabric and design. 0 comments. Personally, I find that the KN95 is easier and faster to put on and take off whereas the N95 seems to fit much more snug and with a tighter and firmer fit. It is therefore a safe assumption that a much higher percentage of smaller particles in the size range of viruses such as the ones that lead to COVID-19, are effectively filtered. A physician-owned and managed entrepreneurial platform directed specifically towards doctors in USA. I’m a physician, and also a fireman and hazmat tech. These masks have similar superior properties as N95, but they go by different names based on where they are certified. Under the current US regulatory framework mentioned above, as of April 8th 2020, the FDA has authorized the emergency use of KN95 masks and FFP2 masks where there is a shortage of NIOSH approved N95 masks (Source:FDA https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/personal-protective-equipment-infection-control/faqs-shortages-surgical-masks-and-gowns and FDA https://www.fda.gov/media/136449/download). “Each SARS-CoV-2 virion is approximately 50–200 nanometres in diameter” (cited in Wikipedia (SARS-CoV-2) from Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, Han Y, et al. Thank you for explaining the differences. FFP2 respirator masks are certified by the European Union to meet the standards of CE regulation EN 149:2001+A1:2009 for filtering up to 94% of particles. We are in dire circumstances, and dire situations call for ‘out of ordinary’ actions. This means that all types of N95 NIOSH Respirator Mask are tested and proven to filter at least 95% of airborne particles. Could Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Death Rate in the US Be Much Higher (5-15%) Than the Current Estimates (1-3%)? 6 Circumstances Contributing to Patient Injury, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-136/pdfs/2003-136.pdf?id=10.26616/NIOSHPUB2003136, https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/personal-protective-equipment-infection-control/faqs-shortages-surgical-masks-and-gowns#kn95. Here’s the science behind it ». That is they take a direct and linear path towards your face (and mask) but small enough to pass between the woven fibers. Learn about COVID-19 transmission on a separate blog post: How is COVID-19 Transmitted? We may earn a commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. However, we are yet to see how effective the N95 masks are when it comes to COVID-19. What’s the Difference Between N95 and KF94 Masks? KN95 Mask: 12 Things You Need to Know Before Buying, chronic respiratory and cardiac conditions, Establishment Registration and Device Listing, N95 Mask: 14 Things You Need To Know Before Buying. N95 vs. KN95: Which Respirator Face Mask Wins the Battle? We have been using two techniques to help customize the masks to the wearer, and secure a tight seal: The eventual goal is to prevent any air leaks. At the end of the day, we have to prioritize our patient’s health, our health and our families health. But with all these masks available for purchase, one must ask, "what's the best face mask to purchase for me?". The WHO (World Health Organizations) considers N95 equivalent to KN95 and other similar masks. Both FDA and NIOSH undertake regulatory collaboration when it comes to respiratory masks like the N95. The masks are tested for their respiratory protection and filtration efficiency, just like the N95 masks. Here's a quick guide to purchasing both types of masks from N95 Medical Supplies. KN95 Face Mask – Protective Respirator includes a resealable bag containing 10 pieces of 5-layer daily protective face masks for only $24.99. I wouldn’t go into a burning building or a hazardous scene with PPE that leaks 5% of methyl ethyl death in. Wondering how to wash a KN95 or N95 mask? Adjusting the size of elastic straps by tying a knot at the end of the straps. During emergency situations such as epidemics and pandemics, health authorities may authorize the use of certain foreign standards of face piece respirators such as N95, KN95, or FFP2 equivalent. These days due to the sudden outbreak of the coronavirus, the use of a face mask has become a necessity for everyone. On this metric, N95 and KN95 respirator masks are the same. Masks that have equally effective properties as N95 masks go by different names in different countries based on their independent certification systems. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. You may recall from Chemistry or Physics (if you want to relive that pain) the concept of Brownian motion. N95 Medical Supplies, a U.S. company based in the state of Georgia, provides both FDA approved N95 and KN95 respirators. A standard N95 mask features headbands, and when fitted properly, creates a tight seal around the face to prevent any particles from entering your airway system. KN95 respirator is a Chinese filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) that meets the Chinese performance standard GB2626–2006. The thing with KN95 masks though is, when they’re sterilized, their efficiency rate drops by 50% pot-sterilization. Hence, both the N95 and KN95 respirator masks, which offer protection against particles as small as 0.3 microns in size, are useful. (probably for the good). COVID-19 Test Sensitivity is Unclear. We have offices in China, India, Philippines, Indonesia, Mongolia, Bangladesh and Thailand. If you're looking for more a familiar brand, N95 Medical Supplies is also supplying OEM Particulate Respirator 8511 in a box of 10 pieces for only $64.95. Lightweight, comfortable, and equally effective like N95 facepiece masks, the KN95 Protective Respirator is also available and legally distributable in the United States. However, if you do come across N95 and KN95 masks for personal use, it is important you check whether the masks are counterfeit or not. Based on this comparison, it is reasonable to consider China KN95, AS/NZ P2, Korea 1st Class, and Japan DS2 FFRs as “similar” to US NIOSH N95 and European FFP2 respirators, for filtering non-oil-based particles such as those resulting from wildfires, PM 2.5 air pollution, volcanic eruptions, or bioaerosols (e.g. The level of safety and precaution you get from a mask's fit is arguably as important as the choice of the mask itself. The masks are generally tested for their respiratory protection, fluid resistance, filtration efficiency, biocompatibility, and flammability. Both are tested at a flow rate of 85 L/minute. N95 is a certification issued by US authorities. Would prefer a real respirator if I had a choice. Depending on your face shape and size, you could benefit more from either strap-on method depending on which one provides a tighter fit without sacrificing comfort, as you're expected to wear these masks for prolonged periods of time.
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