https://www.hindustantimes.com/india/revisiting-the-super-cyclone-that-hit-odisha-in-1999/story-S0lDY1STwdrVdMravThCZK.html, Revisiting the super cyclone that hit Odisha in 1999, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/mea-says-2-2-meet-timing-not-linked-to-us-elections/story-drh8aOcGtw5NT5F4GXI9BK.html, MEA says 2+2 meet timing not linked to US elections, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/mp-tamil-nadu-cms-promise-free-covid-vaccine/story-BpNHieZB3GI3NmgWDqtBAJ.html, MP, Tamil Nadu CMs promise free Covid-19 vaccine, https://www.hindustantimes.com/bihar-election/bihar-assembly-election-slugfest-over-bjp-s-free-covid-19-vaccine-promise/story-foHEi7AhqlLAGvjsJ6RX7J.html, Bihar Assembly election: Slugfest over BJP’s free Covid-19 vaccine promise, https://www.hindustantimes.com/bihar-election/covid-19-threat-to-polls-as-top-leaders-test-positive/story-P9eFYnvpAyumDEo3vx7WgP.html, Covid-19 threat to polls as top leaders test positive. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service", Former cop among two Lashkar terrorists killed in J&K encounter, Planning to upgrade your PC? Most importantly, however, the death toll was contained in double-digit figures. The destruction was still far from being fully assessed on Friday local time, as many thousands of downed trees were impeding transportation across the region. He spent many years at the National Center for Atmospheric Research and is the author of “The Thinking Person’s Guide to Climate Change” and “Weather on the Air: A History of Broadcast Meteorology.”. An estimated 1,500 children were orphaned. The death toll from a cyclone that battered India and Bangladesh rose to 42 on Sunday as emergency teams raced to fix water supplies and roads devastated by the storm. With Amphan’s landfall just west of Bangladesh, the cyclone’s effects were minimal along Bangladesh’s eastern border with Myanmar, where the world’s largest refugee camp and nearby settlements are home to almost a million Rohingya refugees. Copyright © HT Media Limited All rights reserved. The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. Winds of up to 260 kph raged for over 36 hours. (Dibyangshu Sarkar/AFP via Getty Images). (AFP Photo). The United Nations office in Bangladesh estimates some 10 million people were affected, and some 500,000 people may have lost their homes, Al Jazeera reported. It reached super cyclonic storm intensity, with wind speeds reaching up to 260 kmph a day before it made landfall in Odisha. The New York Times reported that many of the fatalities recorded thus far were from wind-related damage, including downed power lines causing electrocutions and trees collapsing onto homes. Prior to Amphan, India’s most expensive storm was the 1999 Odisha cyclone, which struck eastern India with sustained winds of 155 mph. After the 1999 catastrophe, the Odisha state government embarked on a thorough effort to improve communications and safety ahead of strong cyclones. As explained in a blog post by storm surge expert Hal Needham, several factors may have conspired to boost the surge in Bangladesh, including the concave geometry and shallowness of the northern Bay of Bengal, Amphan’s larger-than-usual wind field, and the lag effect with surge that is common to high-end cyclones that weaken before landfall. Mamata Banerjee, chief minister for India’s West Bengal state, said on Friday that damages in West Bengal were on the order of 1 lakh chore, equivalent to about $13 billion USD, the Hindustan Times reported. The 1999 super cyclone by far remains the strongest cyclone recorded to hit the Indian subcontinent, and quite possibly one of the strongest ever to hit in the twentieth century. With 21 more Odisha deaths, Fani toll rose from earlier reported 43 to 64; This makes Fani the deadliest cyclone to hit the state after the 1999 Super Cyclone, which killed more than 10,000 Lucknow, Patna, Landfall pointBetween Ersama and Balikuda in Jagatsinghpur district (southwest of Paradip), Time of landfall10.30 am, October 29, 1999, High wind speedThe wind speed of the super cyclone was so high that the anemometer, a device used for measuring wind speed, at the IMD office and at Paradip had failed to record it, Three days of torrential rainThe super cyclone centred over coastal areas of Odisha for three days was accompanied by torrential rain as a tidal surge of about 7 to 10 metre that swept more than 20 km inland.Diameter of cyclone: 200 kmOriginated from1999 super cyclone had originated from about 550 km east of the Andaman Islands as a depressionStorm SurgeWhile the impending storm Phailin may cause a storm surge of about 1.5-2 metre this time, the state witnessed it at 7 -10 metre in 1999.Districts and towns affectedThe storm in 1999 led to 45 cm to 95 cm of rainfall and affected 14 coastal districts, 28 coastal towns and two major cities of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack.Death tollWhile the official death toll then was 9,885 people, unofficial sources estimated the toll to be above 50,000. Above: Villagers salvage items on May 21, 2020, from a house damaged by Tropical Cyclone Amphan in Midnapore, West Bengal, India. On October 29, 1999, a super cyclone with a wind speed of 300 mph had struck Odisha, making it probably the greatest cyclonic disaster ever recorded in the last century.It was first detected when it was at its low pressure stage over the gulf of Siam by the IMD cyclone surveillance system on the morning of October 24, five days before it made landfall. Kolkata, Noida, Gurgaon, Delhi, Mumbai, The 1999 Odisha cyclone was the strongest recorded tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and among the most destructive in the region. Striking in the midst of a global pandemic, Tropical Cyclone Amphan deepened the misery across coastal east India and Bangladesh. Early estimates indicate that Amphan will be far costlier than any other tropical cyclone on record in India. © Copyright TWC Product and Technology LLC 2014, 2020, Category 6 Sets Its Sights Over the Rainbow, Alexander von Humboldt: Scientist Extraordinaire, My Time with Weather Underground (and Some Favorite Posts). It organized into a tropical depression in the Andaman Sea on October 25. Although Amphan’s top winds just after landfall were down to Category 1 strength (85 mph) from their fearsome peak two days earlier (sustained winds of 165 mph, a Category 5 equivalent), the cyclone brought damaging winds well inland, and tropical-storm-force winds—which can easily bring down trees and power lines—likely affected a vast area. Revisiting the super cyclone that hit Odisha in 1999 Fears of Phailin have evoked memories of a cyclonic storm in 1999, when winds reaching speeds of 300 kph battered Odisha for 30 hours. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM. Early projections from the GFS model had suggested Amphan could barrel directly into the area. In a 2014 study of more than 100 surge cases in the Gulf of Mexico, Needham and colleagues found that the surge magnitude was best correlated with peak winds from 18 hours before landfall. Related News +-Indian state rejects cardinal's appeal to open churches Indian states urged to help stranded migrant workers . The death toll in this cyclone was recorded at 75. Cyclone Amphan wreaks havoc in Bangladesh, India. 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